Archive for the ‘Wildlife ecology’ Category

Ecosystem service is at your garden

spiderhunterAt this age of climate change, incentives scheme to sustain the forest such as REDD+ and Payment for Ecosystem Service (PES) are quite a breakthrough. Everybody is talking about this, from one meeting to another, from one training to another.  But does the people really know about it? We got clean air and water…..What else? Well, look around at your garden.  Do you plant and get bananas? Does your plant keep flowering? Continue reading


The colorful life of butterfly

Watching a butterfly visit a flower is always fascinating. The color of the butterfly and the flower are always in contrast. The black-and-white Common clubtail (Pachliopta coon) visiting the white flowers of Siam weed (Chromolaena odorata), or the Tailed jay (Graphium agamemnon) visiting the Lantana flower are all illustrating the importance of patterns and colors in butterfly life. And all of them are able to absorb important information from the environment such as finding potential mate, detecting flowers with high-concentrated nectar, or finding the right leaf to lay the eggs. All of because their perception of colors and movement. Continue reading

The three bulbuls

The fruits of Bridelia monoica

The fruits of Bridelia monoica

Bulbuls are birds of Old world tropics and are so attached with Indonesian folklore for long. An old Indonesian children song tells about the bulbuls singing all day from a Cempaka tree (Michelia champaca), quite accurate in portraying the behavior. Continue reading

Rare, elusive, or undetected

In the morning breeze of tropical rainforest of Southern Sumatra, a colugo (Cynocephalus variegatus) glided and landed at a branch of tree. This ancient mammal of Southeast Asia reminded me of the ancient age when flying ability was evolved. Jump, climb, or glide. With the grayish color, this mammal is well camouflaged when resting on tree bark.

Continue reading

The tigers next door

How do you feel if you live side-by-side with tigers? Deep in the night, a tiger was in your garden, hoping that an easy ‘goat’ meal would be his nice dinner. What a relief if all he left was just a scratch mark on the wooden cage and the goat is safe.

Continue reading

Butterflies and the Lantana bushes

Lantana bushes (Lantana camara) are invasive plants. From urban to rural, forest to non forest, they are there, providing a good indicator of disturbance. Yes, Lantana likes open, unshaded habitats, just like butterflies. The birds like the fruits, and the bees and butterflies pollinated the all-year-round flowers. The seeds are germinated at each time of the year. Nobody likes to eat the leaves as they contain alkaloid. So, basically, they are thrived and easily survived. Native species of Tropical America, Lantana is positioned as one of the ten most invasive plants in the world.

In the forest, Lantana is usually occurred close to river banks, forest gaps and forest edges. I like walking along the forest edge for a nice birdwatching or butterfly watching. Continue reading

“Conservation shock”. One earth, two different stories

Blue jay

My first month in Athens, GA, back in 2000….. I was a bit shock. It wasn’t the cultural shock of moving from development country to the US. I had a ‘conservation shock’. Continue reading